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What Formulas are Used to Calculate Growth Rates?

Note that because FRED uses levels and rounded data as published by the source, calculations of percentage changes and/or growth rates in some series may not be identical to those in the original releases. The following formulas are used: Change:   … Continue reading

Posted in Understanding the Data, Frequently Asked Questions

What Dates are Used for the U.S. Recession Bars?

The NBER recession data is available at http://www.nber.org/cycles/cyclesmain.html. The monthly dates for the peaks and troughs are represented as daily dates in the charts as: Peak, Trough 1857-06-01, 1858-12-01 1860-10-01, 1861-06-01 1865-04-01, 1867-12-01 1869-06-01, 1870-12-01 1873-10-01, 1879-03-01 1882-03-01, 1885-05-01 1887-03-01, 1888-04-01 … Continue reading

Posted in Understanding the Data, Frequently Asked Questions

Cite the Data

For citation information, scroll below any FRED graph and view the Notes. View the “Suggested Citation” to see how you may cite the data series. The notes also include any relevant copyright information. For copyrighted data in FRED, you must get permission … Continue reading

Posted in Frequently Asked Questions, How can I share my FRED graph?

Sharing Options

Options to share data appear right below your FRED graph. Clicking the icons allows you to easily share your graph on Twitter, Reddit, Facebook, or LinkedIn. When you click on the “Share Links” button, you can obtain a unique URL … Continue reading

Posted in Frequently Asked Questions, How can I share my FRED graph?

Export Options

To export data, click the “Download” button above any FRED graph and then select an export option. “Excel” (.xls) and “CSV” (comma separated values [.csv]) will download the data values into a spreadsheet. The remaining options export the visual display of the graph. … Continue reading

Posted in How can I share my FRED graph?

Download a Data List

On your FRED “My Account” page, click “Data Lists” and then select the list you want to download.   Click “Download Data.” Under “Observation Range,” enter the desired date range for the data. Read the notes on the download page … Continue reading

Posted in What can I do with FRED Data Lists?

Add Series to a Data List

On a “Category,” “Release,” or “Search Results” page, select the boxes next to the data series you want to add (check marks will appear in the boxes) and then click the “Add to Data List” button. If you are not … Continue reading

Posted in What can I do with FRED Data Lists?
FRED Economic Data | St. Louis Fed


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